WW2 Desegragation

“When a man has emerged from slavery, and by the aid of beneficent legislation …. There must be some stage in the process of his elevation when takes the rank of a mere citizen or, a man, ceases to be the special favorite of the laws, and when his rights as a citizen, or a man, are to be protected in the ordinary models by which other men’s rights are protected.”
- Justice Joseph Bradley

African-American and white soldiers at a base in Italy during World War II.
African-American and white soldiers at a base in Italy during World War II.

In the 1930s, the U.S. military was a racially segregated institution, In the army, African-American soldiers were in all-black units. African-Americans had to be commanded by white soilders . This was the fact that African-Americans had bravely served in the armed forces even before the American Revolution. They fought with the colonists in the War of Independence. African-American groups had separated themselves in the War between the States. Individual African-Americans had become helpful during World War 1 and the Spanish Civil War. Eugene Bullard fought with the French Foreign Legion during World War I because the U.S. Air Corps would not let him fly.
The U.S. Army Air Corps had to deal with with the fact of American's segregation by refusing to accept African-Americans into its ranks at all than to create separate groups. So in 1939, when the United States was getting ready to fight another world war, there were only 125 licensed African-American pilots in the country because they did not have the right to learn to fly in the military and private flying lessons were too expensive to afford.